Thursday, July 23, 2020
Honors Program and Scholarships - UGA Undergraduate Admissions Honors Program and Scholarships Every year, right after we release Early Action decisions, two questions are certain to follow; When will Honors start making admission decisions, and when we will hear something about scholarships? These are not bad questions to ask, and I will try to give you a little insight into the time lines for both. Please remember, though, that the Honors program has their own application and their own process, so that office is the best one to answer Honors questions. I will just be passing on information that our office has received. 1) About one to two weeks after our Early Action decisions go out, Honors will generally send out a first wave of decisions, sometimes referred to as auto-admit decisions, and these will be based upon an admitted students academic information. These will only make up a part of the Honors admission offers, as a number of students will also be invited to apply to Honors based upon their academic information, and other students will move forward on their own with the application process. The deadline for applying for the Honors program is February 1, and the Honors Program site can give you more information about this process. The Honors Program will then be able to review the submitted applications and make decisions, with a time line of having Honors decisions out by mid-April. 2) Scholarships follow along a similar path, and are mostly done by the Admissions Office. Within the next week or so, our office expects to release our first wave of scholarship offers, and these will be based on the overall academic information of the applicants. From January all the way through March, we will be reviewing admissions applications both for admission and for scholarship possibilities. We expect that by late March, all of our scholarships will be awarded. We have now made it so the scholarship offers are posted on the status check (for the admitted students who have been offered one), as well as being sent by snail mail. Please remember, though, that we can only offer a limited number of scholarships, and if no scholarship is posted on your status check, it means that one has not been offered to you (at least at this time). Remember, we will continue to review files and make scholarship offers through March, so you do not need to contact us if you do not see one on yo ur status check.
Friday, May 22, 2020
Anne Frank and Frederick Douglass Everyone has hope in something whether it is possible or seemingly impossible. Anne Frank and Frederick Douglass, among many differences and similarities, both had hope in something others may not have believed to be possible. They never gave up their hope that they so desperately clung to when they were in bondage. Anne Frank and Frederick Douglass were both held in bondage, each in a different way. Frank was kept from the public eye for fear she would be caught and killed by the Germans. Even before she went into hiding she had to abide by so many restrictions that she had no freedom at all. On the other hand, Douglass was born a slave and had never known what it was like to be free, keptÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Anne FrankÃ¢â¬â¢s diary and DouglassÃ¢â¬â¢ Narrative are examples of their excellent writing skills. Douglass longed to be able to read and write for the hope that one day it would help him to become free. In contrast, FrankÃ¢â¬â¢s education was just part of her life as a school girl. Being able to write benefited both Frank and Douglass and helped them get through their troubles by letting Frank express herself in the secret annex and by helping Douglass reach the north. Although Frank and Douglass both had hope they had hope in different things. On one hand, Frank hoped that one day she would become a famous writer and that the war would end and peace would return. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦if I look up into the heavens, I think that it will all come right, that this cruelty will end, and that peace and tranquility will return again.Ã¢â¬ On the other hand, Douglass hoped that one day he would be a free man. When talking about running away to the north Douglass said Ã¢â¬Å"I consoled myself with the hope that I should one day find a good chance. Meanwhile, I would learn to write.Ã¢â¬ In the end Douglass finally got to see his hope for freedom become a reality. He escaped to the north and became a free man. Unfortunately, Frank died a few months before the war ended and never got to see her hope for peace become truth and even though Frank didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know she would be a famous writer like she hoped her diary is what made her dream come true. In conclusion, Frank and Douglass led
Thursday, May 7, 2020
Sexuality plays a major role in everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s life, and it is a part of being human regardless of the gender, age, race, or religion. Everyone has their way of expressing their sexuality, either with thoughts and fantasy, or with their sexual partners. Sexuality could be controlled or ruled by the personÃ¢â¬â¢s desires, and whatever they fantasize is what fits their hidden personality. Also, religion and education could control their thoughts into disliking some acts of the sexual activities, like anal or oral sex, some religions or parents try to put them in the X zone; which make the person grow up with the attitude of forbidding those sexual acts or seeing them as unacceptable in religious and psychological perspectives. Education is something important to everyone in their lifetime, sexual education is important today because it teaches an important topic of sexuality. Due to all the sexual illnesses that invaded the world even in the Middle East, considered as a province environment. Alfred Kinsey started the sexual education when he founded the Institute for Sex Research, in 1947 in Indiana University. Even though sex wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t a common subject at that time, he was brave enough to research and get the education that people needed for a better and healthy sexual life. Also, If I was Alfred Kinsey in this time period, I would need to explore the body image issues. Body image issue is when a woman looks in the mirror and all she sees are flaws. Most womenShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Sexual Education On Public Schools1702 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesI. Abstract Sexual education being enforced in public schools is important and it should be taught in all schools. Young adults are learning that it is important to wait until marriage to have sex. Sexual education taught in public schools does raise a couple of eyebrows because some parents think that young adults should not learn about sex at their age. Sexual education is very important for young adults to either use abstinence or condoms. Sexual education in schools are the proper classes forRead MoreSexual Education. Sexual Education Has Always Been An Extremely1613 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSexual Education Sexual education has always been an extremely heated topic among parents, teachers, lawmakers, and everyone in between. It has led to several court cases, new rules and laws, and different and very creative ways of teaching sexual intercourse and the potential repercussions to preteens and teens. Most students probably started talking about sex on the playground or while they were hanging out with friends well before they should have been speaking about it. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, sexRead MoreSex Education For Public Schools1426 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSex Education Research Paper Sex education being taught in public schools is a reoccurring topic in many schools. More recently, it has also caught the attention of the public again due to rising unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted disease among young teenagers in the US over the last decade or so. Ã¢â¬Å"Each year, U.S. teens experience as many as 850,000 pregnancies, and youth under age 25 experience about 9.1 million sexually transmitted infectionsÃ¢â¬ (McKeon). Sex Education is attempting toRead MoreSex Education : Which Is Better? Essay1718 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesComprehensive Sex Education: Which is better? Sex is in the air, everywhere. It is seen when the television is turned on in the morning, it is used to sell hamburgers and cereal, and is the cornerstone by which we gauge our success. Sex is everywhere and the youth of today need to be equipped to handle it safely. There are two primary paths that can be taken when referring to sexual education: Abstinence or a more comprehensive education. Abstinence education is the promotion of deterringRead MoreBirth Control in Public Schools?634 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesit comes to them having sexual interactions. Public schools are attempting to teach birth control in their curriculum, but is it encouraging more teens to start being sexually active? Ã¢â¬Å"Studies show that 39% of schools teach how to use a condom; 58% of schools are encouraging their kids to wait, but they urge them to use birth control if they do have sex.Ã¢â¬Å"(Nicole De Coursey, Jennifer Hoppe, Amy Sims, and Caroline Sorgen) Most U.S. public school districts require the education about sex in class butRead MoreShould Sex Education Be A Part Of The Necessary Curriculum?1321 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe debate over whether or not sex education should be a part of the necessary curriculum has been a popular topic of controversy since the 1960s (Pardini). Sex education is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"[a] broad term used to describe education about human sexual anatomy, sexual reproduction, sexual intercourse, and other aspects of human sexual behaviorÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Sex EducationÃ¢â¬ , Science Daily). Today in the United States, many p eople no longer feel that sex is a topic to be ignored or not mentioned in Ã¢â¬Å"polite society,Ã¢â¬ Read MoreSex and Adolescents1274 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesappear to be getting worse. Is this truly the case or are teenagers being misjudged today? When it comes to sexual behaviors amongst teens of today it is certainly a false statement. Especially, when compared to the teens of the eighties, who are most likely their parents. Do these changes appear to be caused by improved values and morals, a better attachment with their parents, or a stronger tone placed on sexual education? It has been nearly thirty years since I began high school and the news of HIVRead MoreKinsey Review731 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesIn the movie, Kinsey, it was obvious that society had a lack of knowledge about sex and about peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s sexual activities. Alfred Kinsey changed the way that people thought about sex. He did an important and monumental thing informing people and answering peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s questions about sex. At one point in the movie it showed Kinsey reading a script from the bible where boys were supposed to control their nocturnal emissions, a natural and uncontrollable act of puberty, or they would be looked down uponRead MoreThe Importance Of Proper Sexual Education On Sex1015 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages1301.3 20 November 2015 The Importance of Proper Sexual Education In life, high school especially, sexual education is very important and can truly impact a personÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Improper education on sex can lead to many life-changing mistakes. These blunders can be avoided with proper knowledge. Although students should be encouraged to remain abstinent, they should still be taught about contraception and practicing safe sex. With proper sexual education, abstinence rates will increase and the numbersRead MoreThe Importance Of Sex Education1340 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSex education is one of the most debated problems in education, which has been floating on educational agendas for ages. There has been a constant dialogue about the role that sex education should play in curriculum of K-12 education. As breathing human beings, we all know that sex is a large part of our lives, however, how young is too young to know and talk about sex? With the increase of sexually transmitted diseases, commonly known as Ã¢â¬Å"STDÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬ , among young people , many schools have added sex education
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
string(40) " the clinical decisions affecting them\." Abstract This report analyses the application of psychological theories at the Queens Hospital where I was on placement as a Health Care Assistant. Health psychology takes into consideration the context of individualsÃ¢â¬â¢ lives, beliefs, behaviours and other risk factors in order to achieve the desired objectives, which in this case is to provide the best ways of attending to the patients. The hospital uses the biopsychosocial model, psychoanalytical and the task oriented approaches in offering psychological care to the patients. We will write a custom essay sample on Application of psychological theories at the Queens Hospital or any similar topic only for you Order Now All the three approaches emphasise the idea of ensuring that the patient is the centre of all actions in order to engage them as much as possible in the treatment process. Introduction Picano (2009, p. 44) suggests that in the past the medical practitioners regarded psychology and other social sciences as unimportant soft sciences in the medical profession. However this notion slowly changed as scholars started linking psychology to the well being of both physical and mental health. This paper explores the linkage between psychological theory and practice at the Queens Hospital. I worked as a health care assistant and was a vital part of the team that supported the medical staff and patients in wards and departments throughout the hospital. I had direct links to both the patients and the medical staff and as such I was able to observe the interactions between the patients and other medical staff. As the first point of contact for many patients and members of the public, healthcare assistants need to be well-presented and confident with good interpersonal skills. Some of the tasks are unpleasant and needs flexibility to able to help patients with their personal care without getting embarrassed and making sure they are comfortable. Achieving this requires application of psychological theories into practice in order to be able to offer the best care to the patients in medical settings. Psychological theories Segal Hersen (2010, p. 47) define psychology as the study of human behavior, emotions and thought processes. Psychological theories if well applied contribute greatly to understanding other people and developing functional relationships. Robins (2007, p. 28) suggests that health psychology is the application of these psychological theories and research in the promotion of evidenced based health. Nevid (2009, p. 33) claims that health psychology takes into consideration the context of individualsÃ¢â¬â¢ lives, beliefs, behaviours and other risk factors in order to achieve the desired objectives, which in this case is to provide the best ways of attending to the patients. It is for this reason that it is important for all healthcare personnel to have some psychological knowledge so that they can know how to attend to the patients in the best possible way. The patients come from varied social and cultural backgrounds valuing certain behaviours and beliefs over others. Walker (2007, p. 36) claims that this may place more risk or less risk of illness than the others. In this case therefore, some sociological knowledge is equally essential to the healthcare practitioners. In the same way, some knowledge of biomedical sciences is critical in the comprehension of the link between physiological and psychological process (Hefferon Boniwell, 2011, p. 67). Therefore, psychology complements these other disciplines in making important contributions to the well being of the patients. Psychology is important to health and social care because health care professionals spend most of their time interacting with the patients. An important aspect of their job is to encourage and promote the well being of the patients and those around them. Before going further into the discussion, it is important to first define the meaning of health in order to be abl e to bring out the importance of psychology to the discipline clearly. Irwin Rippe, (2008, p. 18) define health as a state of complete social, physical and mental well being and not just the absence of infirmity or disease. This is an important goal to health care professionals working in health and social care and it is the reason why they need the knowledge and skills to help them work toward their achievement. Psychological theories and research contributes to the improvement of health and social care through appreciation of other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s feelings in order to offer them individualised care. Patterson Lipschitz (2008, p. 44) claim that health care is among the most complicated services because it faces the challenge of client diversity and need variability. Patients come to the hospital with different needs caused by many different diseases; some of them adhere to the requirements of behavioural change while others donÃ¢â¬â¢t. In addition to this, some patients do not even finish taking the prescribed drugs which makes the treatment proces s more difficult for the doctors and nurses. In addition to this it also faces huge pressure from other factors because the whole process occurs around beds and wards. The health care professionals operate in an abstract world and are faced by both psychological and social forces guiding them from the point of admitting the patients to administration of treatment. They attend to patients with different psychological needs and as such must be well equipped with psychological theories in order to attend to them in the best possible ways. Patterson Lipschitz (2008, p. 24) assert that while all health care issues have their own controversies and debates, at times moments of transient consensus often occur. This stems from the fact that the role of patients in medical settings have gradually changed along environmental and social lines in the western society over the years. The major changes include aspects like consistent erosion of the previously perceived omnipotence of physicians, increase acceleration of information exchange, and increased awareness of the rights of the patients. Greenberg (2007, p. 22) suggests that the prevalent situation in most hospitals today is the partnership model that is acceptable to both the providers and the patients. These patients no longer play passive roles as recipients of medical procedures but are actively involved in deciding the clinical decisions affecting them. You read "Application of psychological theories at the Queens Hospital" in category "Essay examples" Ninivaggi (201 0, p. 17) asserts that this new arrangement raises ethical issues in the determination of best interests and delegation of authority to the relevant personnel to pursue them. Psychology seeks to understand and explain why people behave in certain ways both as individuals and in groups. It does not only seek to understand and predict behaviour but also looks into ways of changing them in order to improve the quality of life. This is closely linked to what the medical practitioners do as they also seek to understand the behaviour of the patients, treat them and then direct them on healthy living practices. Medical practitioners often employ psychological theories in the dispensation of their duties because medical care has its foundations in psychology, sociology and biology (Marini, Glover-Graf, Millington, 2012, p. 30). Theory provides the medical personnel with the framework and goals for assessment, diagnosis and intervention. For instance the nurses working at the hospital focused on the aspects of care that are holistic in nature for more effective judgment of different patient situations and conditions. The goals of care helped the nurses by providing a checklist by which the services that they provide are measured against. In deed Walker (2007, p. 65) says that theory is an effective tool that renders practice more efficient through comparing the outcomes against the set goals and then providing mechanisms for rectifying problems as soon as they are detected. Application of psychological theories at the hospital As a health care assistant I was many times faced with the challenge of choosing the appropriate theory or set of theories to apply in any given circumstances. This was not an easy decision because I realised that selection of only one theory in a certain circumstance would have placed restrictions on practice and probably led to inefficiencies. It is for this reason that I relied heavily on theory adoption where I took a theory and then altered it to suit the situation where I was applying it and in other cases I had to use it alongside another one. I learned that most of the patients were going through intense stress as a result of their illnesses. Some of the patients adjusted well to their new conditions whereas others developed some form of psychological disorders secondary to their physical diseases especially for those that were unable to do basic things like going to the toilet and bathing. In addition to this, some patients also showed physical symptoms for which there is no significant medical explanations and most of them were as a result of unrecognised psychological problems. I was able to learn from the nurses and other hospital staff as I realised that they were applying psychological theories in dealing with the stressed patients. They used the biopsychosocial model to explain to me the reasons why the patients were stressed. This was a very resourceful tool in the assessment of psychological stress among the patients in the hospital. The model included both environmental parameters and personal processes of perception and being able to cope with the different stress factors at the hospital. Greenberg (2007, p. 30) claims that the effects of stress have a positive correlation to coping. Coping in this case as defined by the Lazarus theory is constantly changing both cognitive and behavioural efforts to manage the existent taxing demands of the internal or external environment (Pickren Rutherford, 2010, p. 52). The doctors and nurses encouraged dialogue with the patients because they considered it an important aspect in the management of psychological and psychiatric elements of physical ill health. Greenberg (2009, p. 67) suggests that this relationship is beneficial to both the medical team and the patients. It is very important for patients particularly for those with serious physical and psychological problems to have a more personal relationship with the nurses and doctors in order to create and sustain a therapeutic relationship for better health care delivery (Sitzman Eichelberger, 2011, p. 94). This will be helpful for the health care personnel to identify the patients that need psychological treatment in good time and offer immediate attention to help them cope with the mental problems. The doctor patient relationship is explained by two other approaches which are the psychoanalytical and the task oriented approaches (Bekerian Levey 2012, p. 31). All the approaches emphasise the idea of ensuring that the patient is the centre of all actions in order to engage them as much as possible in the treatment process. Greenberg (2007, p. 32) says that these approaches demand that for an effective treatment to be achieved there has to be an efficient partnership and information sharing between the patients and the doctors. Nevid (2012, p. 89) says that the information has to flow both ways in order to improve the clinical outcomes through cognitive (knowledge), behavioural (adherence to advice) and affective (satisfaction). Indeed the application of psychological theories at the hospital was beyond what I had imagined it will be at first. I observed that the patients were mostly able to recall more information when they were satisfied. The non cooperative patients seemed to remember less information and the hospital staff in most cases had to offer them specialised care. Good communication was also maintained among the clinicians to ensure that the information flowing to the patients was consistent in order to eliminate any possibility of conflicting information reaching the patients. This was important be cause any conflicting information would have left the patients wondering who to believe and this would have even made things worse for them. Conclusion Application of psychological theories in medical settings is an important aspect of the treatment process because the patients need to be attended to psychology as well. As indicated in the paper some patients find it difficult to cope with their new conditions in the hospital and go to the extent of developing mental disorders as a result. This is the reason why the hospital made use of psychological theories in understanding their behaviour and condition in order to be able to attend to them efficiently. This is a big lesson that I learned from my placement at the Queens Hospital and I will apply it once I start working in the hospital. I am now aware of the fact that ignoring the psychological needs of the patients places them at an increased risk of developing psychological disorders and as such will always apply psychological theories in communicating with them in order to know how they feel and the best possible ways of attending to them. References Bekerian, D. A., Levey, A. B. (2012). Applied psychology: Putting theory into practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Greenberg, T. M. C. (2007). The psychological impact of acute and chronic illness: A practical guide for primary care physicians. New York: Springer. Greenberg, T. M. C. (2009). Psychodynamic perspectives on aging and illness. Dordrech: Springer. Hefferon, K., Boniwell, I. (2011). Positive psychology: Theory, research and applications. Maidenhead, Berkshire, England: Open University Press. Irwin, R. S., Rippe, J. M. (2008). Irwin and RippeÃ¢â¬â¢s intensive care medicine. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams Wilkins. Marini, I., Glover-Graf, N. M., Millington, M. J. (2012). Psychosocial aspects of disability: Insider perspectives and counseling strategies. New York: Springer Pub. Nevid, J. S. (2009). Psychology: Concepts and applications. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co. Nevid, J. S. (2012). Essentials of psychology: Concepts and applications. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning. Ninivaggi, F. J. (2010). Envy theory: Perspectives on the psychology of envy. Lanham: Rowman Littlefield Publishers. Patterson, J. A., Lipschitz, I. N. (2008). Psychological counseling research focus. New York: Nova Science Publishers. Picano, E. (2009). Stress echocardiography: [CD-ROM included]. Berlin: Springer. Pickren, W. E., Rutherford, A. (2010). A history of modern psychology in context. Hoboken, N.J: John Wiley. Robins, R. W. (2007). Handbook of research methods in personality psychology. New York: Guilford. Segal, D. L., Hersen, M. (2010). Diagnostic interviewing. New York: Springer. Sitzman, K., Eichelberger, L. W. (2011). Understanding the work of nurse theorists: A creative beginning. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Walker, J. (2007). Psychology for nurses and the caring professions. Maidenhead, Berkshire: Open University Press How to cite Application of psychological theories at the Queens Hospital, Essay examples
Monday, April 27, 2020
Indigo Manor operates using an open system style. The nature of our business in health care and the continual changes in the case mix and reimbursement of our patient population in the short term rehabilitation unit is best suited to this style. We have a formal structure in place within this organization. There is a diagramed chain of command for policy development and executive decision making. All employees have been in-serviced upon hire of the proper chain of command for communication within each individual department. Our structure also contains several informal groups which have developed over time and have become effective components of our quality assurance teams, wound care teams, restraint reduction team, and weight reduction and weight loss prevention team to name a few. We operate within a vertical hierarchy and have four layers of management in place below the Chief Operating Officer. We have an Executive Director, below that a nursing administrator, a financial administrator and an environmental and building and grounds administrator. We will write a custom essay sample on Memo to Chief Executive Officer or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page There is a senior manager under each administrator and unit level managers in each department. The unit managers deal directly with the floor staff and are responsible for the day to day operations in their department. Unit managers have been given the authority to make emergency decisions regarding staff and situations of immediate danger or patient jeopardy. The manager must then report the situation and all actions taken to the next level of supervisor for review and any further direction. The current operational design and structure have proven successful to the provision of quality care and fiscal wellbeing. The management staff at all levels is comprised of long term employees with five or more years of experience in the company and is well versed in the current operating systems. I am available at your convenience to discuss or clarify any matters that may surface during your orientation and settling in period. I look forward to working with you and wish to extend a warm welcome to Indigo Manor.
Thursday, March 19, 2020
The role of intuitive judgement in strategic decision-making Introduction The role of intuitive judgement in strategic decision-making IntroductionApproach and Outline(Theory Being Tested)List of ReferencesRelated Introduction This research will examine The Role of Intuitive Judgement in Strategic Decision-Making by studying the measures used within the organisations and means of a Literature Review. Literature Review will look at the, use of intuitive skills which will be discussed. Research questions, the circumstances under which intuitive judgement is employed and the conditions under which it is effective and strategic decision-making are considered. Finally, the Literature Review will explore the role played by intuition in TMT decision-making. Using MBTI (Myers Briggs Type Indicator), the study will analyse the decision making style of managers. Those are two perceiving functions, sensing and intuition (irrational) the two judging functions, thinking and feeling (rational). Myers et al., 1998 has identified four cognitive styles (ST, SF, NT and NF). Sufficient support has received for using the method of MBTI (Myers Briggs Type Indicator) as a measure of Jungian Personality dimensions. (e.g. Rosenak Shontz 1988;Gardner Martinko, 1996; Myers et al, 1998). (Cited in GallÃ ©n, T. 2006). Thus this study will fill the gap between Hambrick and MasonÃ¢â¬â¢s (1984) Ã¢â¬Ëupper echelonsÃ¢â¬â¢ model of organizations, in the field of strategic decision-making which mainly examined the demographic factors influencing top management teamÃ¢â¬â¢s (TMTÃ¢â¬â¢s) decision-making and firm performance not intuitionÃ¢â¬â¢s role and team interaction mechanisms affect in the process ofÃ decision making and firm performance. The research question is: How do team interaction mechanisms affect intuitive judgement of the Leader (Decision Maker)? Approach and Outline(Theory Being Tested) The conceptual model shows that Team effectiveness Ã¢â¬â displayed as an input-throughput-output model Ã¢â¬â is a multilevel phenomenon. As Hambrick and Mason (1984) argue, corporate performance is a reflection of the decision makers in the upper echelons of the corporation, thus director-level variables are linked to firm-level variables. However, as argued above, this type of reasoning ignores Agor (1986) study which indicates that intuition is especially important in situations characterised by high levels of uncertainty, where facts are limited, where there are few precedents and when time is limited. In order to promote change in an organizations strategy, (GallÃ ©n, T. 2006) it might be necessary to consider a successors personality too: sometimes a sensing (S) manager may be replaced by an intuitive (N) manager. (GallÃ ©n, T. 2006) In line with Clares (1999) suggests that those who can think intuitively may have a valuable contribution to make to the management process, thus Director Characteristics include Extraversion (E)/Introversion (I) Sensing (S)/Intuition (N) and Thinking (T)/Feeling (F). Next, these input variables lead to outcomes, first at the team level. The team role performance block is to be interpreted as the issue to what extent the team monitors top management and to what extent the team provides resources to the firm. Team-level outcomes contribute to firm performance, where one has to take into account that good corporate performance is defined differently by various stakeholders (Wood and Jones, 1995). The behavioural propositions will be tested on a dataset that will be gathered for this research. This data will consist of answers to a wide variety of statements on team working style and the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s environment. Several hundred replies will be collected from UK and Indian SMEs and MLEs, CEOs. The studies in this set focus on UK and Indian corporations. A first study will identify team processes such as effort, conflict, cooperation and use of knowledge and hypothesis upon the relationships among these concepts and between these concepts and team role performance. An intriguing issue in this research is that the major team roles that have been identified are theoretically non-complementary (monitoring requires distance, whereas strategy and service demands proximity) and practically unidentified because various activities are performed that could be considered part of both roles. A second study will test hypotheses on team capital and team performance, confronting the views of CEOs and chairmen on team relations. For both studies, case studies and small sample quantitative research needed to be identified the variables of interest and standard instruments to measure these concepts have been developed but it remains to be shown that the results generalise to larger populations and which contextual forces are important. The second set of studies concerns the teamÃ¢â¬â¢s role in satisfying claims of stakeholder groups other than shareholders only. Specifically, it will be analysed whether some demographic configuration of the team is preferred to other team structures if it comes to making stakeholder relationships profitable. Thus, in terms of Figure 1, the middle column is held constant and a detailed analysis of director characteristics on various performance measures will be undertaken. A longitudinal study will be undertaken to investigate the dynamics of the alleged relationship between team interaction mechanisms and intuitive judgment. This study thus assesses whether team interaction mechanism is a serious issue. A cross-sectional study will be conducted to pinpoint at network theoretical and team demographic variables that are key to this relationship, seeking an optimal team structure from various team managementÃ¢â¬â¢s views. The third and final set of studies takes a specific aspect of the intuitive role of directors and a theory of intuitive judgment in strategic decision making will be developed and answers will be sought to the How do team interaction mechanisms affect intuitive judgment of the Leader (Decision Maker)?, question that have been left unanswered to date. This field is theoretically highly undeveloped and thus it is not yet clear where to fit the set of studies in Figure 1. It is likely, however, that the development will be parallel to the first set in which director and team characteristics will be considered as drivers of firm strategy. The empirical setting is United Kingdom and India, for which a set on compliance with the corporate governance code and director profiles and networks will be composed. The studies are cross-sectional in nature and cover the majority of UK and Indian listed corporations. Qualitative data will be used in this connection and analysis of data will be interpreted using SPSS. List of References Agor, W.H. (1986), The Logic of Intuitive Decision Making: A Research-based Approach for Top Management, Quorum Books, New York, NY. Clares, M.-T. (1999), Ã¢â¬Å"Women, men and management stylesÃ¢â¬ , International Labour Review, 138 (4), pp. 41-6. Daily, C.M., Dalton, D.R., and Cannella, A.A. jr. 2003. Corporate governance: decades of dialogue and data. Academy of Management Review 28: pp. 371-382 Forbes, D.P., and Milliken, F.J. 1999. Cognition and corporate governance: Understanding boards of directors as strategic decision-making groups. Academy of Management Review 24: pp.489-505 GallÃ ©n, T. 2006 Managers and strategic decisions: does the cognitive style matter? Journal of Management Development.Ã 25 (2) pp. 118-133. Gabrielsson, J., and Huse, M. 2004. Context, behavior, and evolution: Challenges in research on boards and governance. International Studies of Management and Organization 34: pp.11-36. Gardner, W.L., Martinko, M.J. (1996), Using the Myers-Briggs type indicator to study managers: a literature review and research agenda, Journal of Management, 22 (1), pp.45-83. Hambrick, D.C., Mason, P.A. (1984), Upper echelons: the organization as a reflection of its top managers, Academy of Management Review,Ã 9 (2), pp.193-206. Henderson, J.C., Nutt, P.C. (1980), The influence of decision style on decision-making behavior, Management Science, 26(4), pp.371-86. Hermalin, B.E., and Weisbach, M.S. 1998. Endogenously chosen boards of directors and their monitoring of the CEO. American Economic Review 88: pp.96-118 Hillman, A.J., and Dalziel, T. 2003. Boards of directors and firm performance: Integrating agency and resource dependence perspectives. Academy of Management Review 28: pp.383-396 Huse, M. 1993. Relational norms as a supplement to neo-classical understanding of directorates: An empirical study of boards of directors. Journal of Socio-economics 22: pp.219-240 John Hayes, Christopher W. Allinson, Steven J. Armstrong, (2004) Intuition, women managers and gendered stereotypes, Personnel Review, Vol. 33 Iss: 4, pp.403 Ã¢â¬â 417 Ibarra, H., Kilduff, M., and Tsai, W. 2005. Zooming in and out: Connecting individuals and collectivities at the frontiers of organizational network research. Organization Science 16: pp.359-371. Isenberg, D.J. (1984), Ã¢â¬Å"How senior managers thinkÃ¢â¬ , Harvard Business Review, November-December, pp. 81-90. McNulty, T., and Pettigrew, A. 1999. Strategists on the board. 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Tuesday, March 3, 2020
Practice in Identifying Appositives in Sentences As weve seen inÃ What Is an Appositive?, an appositive is a word or group of words that concisely identifies or renames another word in a sentence. The exercise on this page offers practice in identifying appositives. Exercise Some of the sentences below contain adjective clauses; others contain appositives. Identify the adjective clause or appositive in each sentence; then compare your responses with the answers below. (If you run into problems, review Building Sentences with Appositives.) John Reed, an American journalist, helped found the Communist Labor Party in America.My sister, who is a supervisor at Munchies, drives a company car.I took a cookie from Gretel, who is the woodcutters daughter.I took a cookie from Gretel, the woodcutters daughter.Og, the King of Bashan, was saved from the flood by climbing onto the roof of the ark.I once saw Margot Fonteyn, the famous ballerina.Elkie Fern, who is a professional botanist, led the kids on a nature hike.Elsa, a good country woman, has a daughter named Ulga.Paul Revere, who was a silversmith and a soldier, is famous for his midnight ride.I read a biography of Disraeli, the 19th-century statesman, and novelist. Answers to the exercise: appositive: an American journalistadjective clause: who is a supervisor at Munchiesadjective clause: who is the woodcutters daughterappositive: the woodcutters daughterappositive: the King of Bashanappositive: the famous ballerinaadjective clause: who is a professional botanistappositive: a good country womanadjective clause: who was a silversmith and a soldierappositive: the 19th-century statesman and novelist